The sampling began by speaking to gatekeepers (village leaders and key focal points in the study locations) to identify the unique range of informants with diverse social, cultural, financial, political, and traditional backgrounds that needed to be included in the representation of each study location. The final informant selection was well-balanced between the study locations and in terms of gender, age, cultural and socially vulnerable groups such as women, elderly, youth and ethnic minorities (Tables 2 and 3). Each Focus Group Discussion (FGD) included approximately eight to twelve participants and was conducted separately with women and men. In total, 414 participants whereof 204 women and 210 men took part in the 48 research sessions. 24 of the sessions were conducted in origin sites and 24 in destination sites. 16 of them were conducted in Luzon, 16 in the Visayas and 16 in Mindanao.
Agriculture was identified as a neglected key sector that engaged most climate-induced migrants. Therefore, an increased financial and political prioritisation of the agricultural sector by, for example, supporting the market, agricultural adaptation strategies, local infrastructure and alternative livelihood opportunities, could help ensure financial stability to many of the vulnerable and marginalised groups in rural areas who felt forced to migrate.
Political science is the study of politics and power from domestic, international, and comparative perspectives. It entails understanding political ideas, ideologies, institutions, policies, processes, and behavior, as well as groups, classes, government, diplomacy, law, strategy, and war. A background in political science is valuable for citizenship and political action, as well as for future careers in government, law, business, media, or public service.
For a more detailed description of how to approach undergraduate studies in political science, please begin with our First-Year Focus page. For questions pertaining to choosing courses, please review our undergraduate frequently asked questions page.
Our curriculum focuses on critical thinking, data analysis, and ethical reasoning and provides you with knowledge about current and past political events across the world. Our alumni pursue a number of different careers. These include government service (at federal, state, and local levels) nonprofits, law, campaigns and polling, journalism, consulting, and business.
Rica Alyana D. Molina currently works as a Legal Assistant at the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), Regional Office 10, Cagayan de Oro, Misamis Oriental, Philippines. She completed her baccalaureate degree in Political Science from the Cebu Normal University (CNU), Cebu City, Philippines. Her research interests are in the fields of political science, political law, governance and international relations. Ms. Molina has already completed three years of studies in Juris Doctor at the College of Law, Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan, Philippines. She looks forward to be a fulltime practicing lawyer after completing her law studies and becomes a full-fledged lawyer.
Rhon Joseph S. Ramos is currently employed at the Office of the Vice-Governor (OVG), Cebu Provincial Government, Cebu City, Philippines. He technically assists in the technical, political and local governance initiatives of the OVG together with a team of technical staff team. Also, he facilitates the province-wide financial assistance requesting for projects and programs through the OVG. Mr. Ramos completed his Baccalaureate degree in Political Science from the Cebu Normal University, Cebu City Philippines. His research interests are in local governance, community development, political science and development administration.
The Ateneo de Manila University (Pamantasang Ateneo de Manila) was established in 1859 under the Jesuit liberal arts tradition and is considered the third oldest university in the Philippines. As a private comprehensive institution, Ateneo is recognized by the QS World Rankings as one of the best universities in the Philippines. This program is university-wide, meaning any undergraduate Pitt student regardless of major may participate. or more information about the university, go to Ateneo's website, check out the video below, and download the information linked.
This paper reviews the empirical evidence linking political dynasties to the imposition of term limits under the 1987 Constitution. It finds evidence that political clans have found a way around this Constitutional constraint, by fielding more family members in power -- giving rise to more fat political dynasties. Hence, we carefully argue that the introduction of term limits -- combined with the failure to introduce other ancillary reforms (notably an anti-dynasty law) -- may have brought about instead some unintended consequences. So it is not term limits per se that created fat political dynasties. We further argue that it is a non sequitur to argue that dynasties will be curbed by removing term limits. This is particularly true given fat political clans are already prevalent. Simply removing term limits at this point will secure the political foothold of many already fat political dynasties. Real reforms should be focused not on removing term limits, but on further strengthening those reforms that should have accompanied it -- including enhancing competition in the political sphere, such as by supplying alternative leaders, strengthening political parties and regulating political dynasties. 2b1af7f3a8