The division insignia is a white eagle's head with a gold beak on a black shield. The design is based on an American Civil War tradition. The black shield recalls the "Iron Brigade", one of the forerunners of the 101st Division. One regiment of the brigade possessed the famous war eagle, "Old Abe", pictured on the shield, that went through 36 battles as a fierce, screaming mascot and was wounded twice. When the division was activated in 1942, the word "Airborne", in gold letters, was placed on a crescent-shaped black background and added to the top of the insignia.
In November 2005, the Division Headquarters, the 1st and 3rd Brigade Combat Teams, and the 101st Combat Aviation Brigade deployed to Iraq for a second time. As Task Force Band of Brothers, the Division assumed responsibility for the northern half of Iraq; the largest area of operation in the country. Partnered with four Iraqi Army divisions, the Screaming Eagles focused their efforts on developing credible Iraqi Security Force units that were capable of independent counter-insurgency operations. This monumental effort resulted in vastly improved security and the transfer of several areas to Iraqi control prior to the Division's redeployment in October, 2006. Under the new modular structure, 2nd and 4th Brigade Combat Teams and the 159th Combat Aviation Brigade were attached to other Multinational Division or Multinational Force commands elsewhere in Iraq.
The Screaming Eagles of WWII Foundation transformed the original and well known P.M. Pulles rosters into a comprehensive list of all members of the United States 101st Airborne Division during World War Two. More than 25,000 names, alphabetically sorted into their respective units, are now available in a hard cover book with over 600 pages introduced by a historical summary of the division.
The 101st is formed of three brigades plus Division Artillery, Division Support Command, the 101st Aviation Brigade, 159th Aviation Brigade, 101st Corps Support Group and several separate commands. The 20,000-soldier unit bills itself as the "only air assault division in the world" and has the ability to conduct air assault operations and long-range helicopter assaults. The U.S. Army activated its first mountain unit at Fort Lewis Wash. on Dec. 8, 1941, the 87th Mountain Infantry Battalion. Later named the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) and reactivated on Feb. 13, 1985, at Fort Drum, New York. The unit is formed of more than 250 soldiers and is trained to meet a wide range of worldwide infantry-intensive contingency missions.
Following the terrorist attacks at the World Trade Center on September 11th, 2001, Rainbow battalions from New York City armories, the 1st Battalion, 69th Infantry, 1st Battalion, 101st Cavalry, the 642nd Division Aviation Support Battalion and the 1st Battalion, 258th Field Artillery Regiment provided immediate emergency response. Thousands of Rainbow soldiers from the remainder of the division's New York Army National Guard and the division headquarters sustained security and recovery operations in Manhattan as part of Joint Task Force 42. The security augmentation operations lasted for more than a year of state active duty for hundreds of Rainbow soldiers.
In 1985, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and the US Army's Center of Military History initiated a program to honor US Army divisions that took part in the liberation of Nazi camps. To date, 36 divisions, including the 101st Airborne Division, have been recognized as liberating units.
Established in 1942, the 101st Airborne Division parachuted into Normandy, France, near Utah Beach on D-Day (June 6, 1944). There, the "Screaming Eagles" division engaged in fierce fighting with German forces.
In September 1944, the unit was dropped into the Netherlands, where it captured the city of Eindhoven. The 101st was deployed to Belgium during the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944 and was subsequently surrounded in Bastogne by German troops. The unit refused to surrender and held out until the 4th Armored Division arrived to provide it with badly needed support. In January 1945, the 101st moved into Alsace; in April, its troops advanced into the Rhineland. By war's end, the division had reached the Bavarian Alps.
The nickname of the 101st Airborne Division, "Screaming Eagles," originates from the division's insignia, a bald eagle on a black shield. "Old Abe" was the eagle mascot of a Wisconsin regiment during the Civil War. The 101st was formed as a reserve unit in Wisconsin shortly after World War I and included "Old Abe" as part of the division's insignia.
The 101st next deployed abroad as a division in 1990. Participating in the early phases of Operation Desert Shield in February 1991, soldiers of the 101st fired some of the first shots of the war against Iraq when their helicopters blasted holes through the enemy radar net. As part of the XVIII Airborne Corps, the division took part in the celebrated left hook that flanked the enemy out of Kuwait. On the first day of the ground campaign, the 101st, in the single greatest air assault operation in history, sent over three hundred helicopters fifty miles into enemy territory. The 101st captured so many Iraqis that its supply of food and water had to be replenished by air dropped material.
Ms Rees,The 63rd contained here is the 63 Infantry Regiment of the 6th Infantry Division. There were no paratroopers in the 6th Infantry DivisionThe paratrooper divisions in WWII are listed as Airborne; 11th Division, 13th Division, 17th Division, 82nd Division, and the 101st Division.I suggest trying to find his DD form 214 discharge papers.
The 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, began a transformation effort on 16 September 2004 to the US Army's new modular force structure. The major elements of the transformation included the reorganization of support elements and their command relationships, and the addition of a fourth Brigade Combat Team. As of June 2006, the division had reorganized into four Brigade Combat Teams (Unit of Action)s, two Aviation BCTs (UA)s and a support UA. Also added was a Special Troops Battalion (501st Special Troops Battalion) at Division level (in addition to similar formations in each of the Division's brigades). The Division Support Command (DISCOM), Division Artillery (DIVARTY), and 101st Corps Suppor Group were all stood down, with the Division Support Command being reactivated as the 101st Sustainment Brigade (incorporating a number of elements of the 101st CSG). Other elements were formed into Brigade Support Battalions. Elements of the 101st DIVARTY were deactivated and reactivated to the Division's 4 Brigade Combat Teams. Elements of the 101st Military Police Company, 311th Military Intelligence Battalion, and 501st Signal Battalion were integrated into Brigade Special Troops Battalions, and these units were inactivated.
The 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, has a mission to provide forcible entry capability through heliborne 'air assault' operations. Capable of inserting a 4,000 soldier combined arms task force, 150-kilometers into enemy terrain in one lift, and possessing 281 helicopters, including three battalions of Apache attack helicopters, the division was one of the most versatile in the Army. For this reason, the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) was said to be the division most in demand by combatant commanders.
The 101st stood as the Army's and world's only air assault division with unequaled strategic and tactical mobility. The 101st was unique in that it normally conducted operations 150 to 300 kilometers beyond the line of contact or forward-line-of-own-troops, requiring theater- and national-level intelligence support as a matter of course.
The 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) demonstrated the characteristics of military professionalism since the unit's activation. On 19 August 1942, the first commander, Maj. Gen. William C. Lee, promised his new recruits that the 101st had no history, but it had a "Rendezvous with destiny." As a division, the 101st never failed that prophecy. During World War II, the 101st Airborne Division led the way on D-Day in the night drop prior to the invasion. When surrounded at Bastogne, Brig. Gen. Anthony McAuliffe answered "NUTS!" and the Screaming Eagles fought on until the siege was lifted. For their valiant efforts and heroic deeds during World War II, the 101st Airborne Division was awarded four campaign streamers and two Presidential Unit Citations.
General Order Number Five, which gave birth to the division, reads, "The 101st Airborne Division, activated at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana, has no history, but it has a rendezvous with destiny. Like the early American pioneers whose invincible courage was the foundation stone of this nation, we have broken with the past and its traditions in order to establish our claim to the future. Due to the nature of our armament, and the tactics in which we shall perfect ourselves, we shall be called upon to carry out operations of far-reaching military importance and we shall habitually go into action when the need is immediate and extreme. Let me call you attention to the fact that our badge is the great American eagle. This is a fitting emblem for a division that will crush its enemies by falling upon them like a thunderbolt from the skies. The history we shall make, the record of high achievement we hope to write in the annals of the American Army and the American people, depends wholly and completely on the men of this division. Each individual, each officer and each enlisted man, must therefore regard himself as a necessary part of a complex and powerful instrument for the overcoming of the enemies of the nation. Each, in his own job, must realize that he is not only a means, but an indispensable means for obtaining the goal of victory. It is, therefore, not too much to say that the future itself, in whose molding we expect to have our share, is in the hands of the soldiers of the 101st Airborne Division." 2b1af7f3a8